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All的用法詳解:何時接單數形式?何時接復數形式?

kira86 于2019-04-04發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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本期名師答疑惑節目詳解英語單詞ALL的詳細用法,何時與單數形式連用,何時與復數形式連用呢?
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All About the Word 'All'

有關單詞“All”的全部用法

Today's Ask a Teacher is all about the word “all,” thanks to a question from our reader Ibrahim O.

今天的《名師答疑》節目全都與英文單詞“All”有關,這要感謝來自我們的讀者歐·易卜拉欣的提問。

He asks:What is the proper use of is and are? If I say, "All is empty" or "All are empty," which one is correct?

他問:怎樣正確使用動詞“is”和“are”? 如果我說“All is empty”或“All are empty”(一切都是空的)哪個表達是正確的?

Hello, Ibrahim!

易卜拉欣,你好!

It sounds like you want to know whether "all" goes with the singular or plural form of the verb be, I can help.

聽起來你想要知道單詞“all”是與動詞be的單數形式連用還是復數形式連用, 我可以幫忙。

You are asking about the use of "all" as a pronoun - a word that replaces a noun. All is used in a few different ways.

你問的是“all”作為代詞的用法,代詞是用來替代名詞的。 “all”作代詞,有幾種不同的使用方法。

The Cambridge Dictionary says the pronoun "all" can mean "every one (of), or the complete amount or number (of), or the whole (of)." It can also mean "the only thing."

根據劍橋詞典,代詞“all”可以表示“每一個,總量、總數,或整個。” 它也可指“唯一的東西”。

Let's look at examples of each meaning.

讓我們看一下每個含義的例子。

Let's say you are talking about a local football team.

假設你正在談論一支本地的足球隊。

Have you seen the Lions football players this season? All are in top form.

你有沒有看過這個賽季的獅子會足球運動員? 所有人都處于最佳狀態。

You're talking about every member of the team in this sentence, so you should use the plural form of be, "are."

在這句話中,你在談論這個團隊中的每個成員,所以你應該使用動詞be的復數形式“are”。

Next, imagine your friend calls you and asks about your new job.

接下來,假設你的朋友給你打電話并詢問你的新工作。

All is well at work these days.

這些天工作一切都好。

This sentence means that everything at work is going well. You use the singular form of be, "is."

這句話的意思是工作中的每件事都很順利。所以你用動詞be的單數形式“is”.

Finally, let's look at how "all" can mean "the only thing," as in these examples:

最后,讓我們看一下這些例子是怎樣用“all”表示“唯一的東西”:

All I know is that the train is late. I don't know why.

我只知道火車晚了。 我不知道為什么晚。

All I want is to be alone.

我想要的只是單獨待著。

Notice that, in these examples, the be verb is in the singular form, "is."

注意在這些例子中動詞be用的是其單數形式“is”。

Our reader Ibrahim asked about these two sentences: "All is empty" and "All are empty."

我們的讀者易卜拉欣問到了這兩句話:“All is empty”和“All are empty”。

The simple answer is this: "All are empty" can be correct, depending on the context. All is empty is not incorrect, but it is not very common. You might read it in literature or poetry.

簡單的回答就是: "All are empty" 可以是正確的,這取決于上下文。 "All is empty" 也不是錯誤的,但這并不常見。你可能會在文學作品或詩歌中讀到。

Let's say I see you with a container of plastic water bottles. I might ask, "Can I have a bottle of water?" But the bottles are empty. You could answer,All the bottles are empty.

假設我看到你帶著裝有塑料水瓶的容器。我可能會問,“我可以喝一瓶水嗎?” 但瓶子都是空的。你可以回答,所有的瓶子都是空的。

In this example, you are thinking about every single bottle in the container.

在這個例子中,你考慮到容器中的每個瓶子。

In a story, you might read,The town is quiet.

在一個故事中,你可能會讀到,小鎮很安靜。

No cars or people are on the street. All is empty.

街上沒有汽車或人。一切都是空蕩蕩的。

In the above sentence, the writer is thinking of the town as a whole.

在上面的句子中,作者把城鎮看做一個整體。

Here's a rule to remember:If all refers to everything as one whole, then use "is."

這里有個規則要記住:如果“all”指代每個事物為一個整體,那就用謂語動詞“is”。

If all refers to every person or thing in a group, then use "are."

如果“all”指代每個人或事物在一個集合里,那就用謂語動詞“are”。

I hope this helps you to use "all!"

我希望這可以幫助你使用“all”!

And that's Ask a Teacher!

這就是本期《名師答疑》的全部內容!

I'm Jill Robbins.

吉爾·羅賓斯為您報道。

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