kira86 于2019-04-02發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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Background Music Might Stifle Creativity


Let's play a word game. What word can be put in front of the words "stick," "maker," and "point" to make three new compound words? Again...stick, maker, and point.


(five-second silence)


Ready for the answer? "Match. So that would then combine to make the words matchstick, matchmaker, and matchpoint." Emma Threadgold, a cognitive psychologist at the University of Central Lancashire in England. And the point of tasks like these, she says, is to measure creativity. (If you didn't get it right away, don't worry, neither did I.)

準備好答案了嗎?答案就是“Match”。這樣就可以組合成單詞matchstick(火柴棍), matchmaker(媒人),和matchpoint(賽點)。英國中央蘭開夏大學(University of Central Lancashire)認知心理學家Emma Threadgold表示到。她說,這類任務的目標是衡量一個人的創造力。(如果你沒想出答案,也別擔心,我也沒想出來。)

Maybe you had music playing as you thought about the words. And, of course, many listen to music while they work. So Threadgold and her colleagues recently used such word puzzles to investigate whether listening to music affects creativity.


They asked volunteers to solve 19 puzzles, while listening to either a foreign-language tune (Spanish version of "King of Wishful Thinking," by Go West); an instrumental version of the same song (instrumental of "King of Wishful Thinking"); a familiar English-language tune (Pharrell's "Happy"); or silence.

研究人員要求志愿者各自在聽外語歌曲(Go West的《癡心妄想之王》西語版本)時、聽同一首歌的器樂版(《癡心妄想之王》器樂版)時、聽一首熟悉的英文歌(法瑞爾的《快樂》)時、或者什么都不聽時來解19個字謎謎題。

The results? In every case, volunteers listening to music solved fewer puzzles than their counterparts in total quiet. Suggesting that background music does not really aid this kind of creative task. Maybe because these puzzles require some sort of mental speech rehearsal - trying out different word combos using your inner voice.


And therefore they're more susceptible to changing state sounds such as music, in comparison to steady state sounds such as library noise.


And in fact, the researchers tested library noise too, (library noise) and the sounds of typing and rustling papers. None of those noises impaired volunteers' performance at all, compared to the silent control group. The results are in the journal Applied Cognitive Psychology.


Still, if you do insist on listening to music while working, you might try something a little more low-key than Lady Gaga, says Threadgold's colleague John Marsh:

不過,Threadgold的同事約翰•馬什表示,如果你實在要堅持在工作時聽音樂,你可以嘗試嘗試一些比Lady Gaga的歌曲更低調一些的音樂類型。

So if you have a sound with a lot of changing state information in it, changes in pitch or in timbre, that's more disruptive than a sound with fewer of those changes. If you compared a modern pop song with some classical music you'd expect less disruption from that classical music.


Even better, though, would be the sound of silence. (Simon and Garfunkel's "Sound of Silence" clip briefly then stops) As in, actual silence.



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