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上鋼琴課或聽音樂 有助于提高語言表達能力

kira86 于2018-06-29發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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據說音樂家擁有較好的語言表達能力。而科學研究也證實了這一點,音樂有助于語言學習。
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鋼琴.jpg
Piano Lessons Tune Up Language Skills

鋼琴課有助于提高語言表達能力

Musicians are said to have better language skills. And scientific studies have backed that up. But it's not clear why that might be the case.

據說音樂家擁有較好的語言表達能力。而科學研究也證實了這一理論,不過對于音樂為何會激發語言能力,這一點還不清楚。

Now a study of 74 Chinese kindergartners suggests six months of piano lessons can heighten the brain's response to changes in pitch. And kids who got piano lessons were also better at telling apart two similar-sounding Mandarin words, which contained different consonants, than were students who got extra reading training, or who went through regular kindergarten.

現在一項針對74名中國幼兒園小朋友的研究表明,六個月的鋼琴課會提高大腦對音高變化的反應能力。而這些上過鋼琴課的小孩,在分辨兩個發音類似、但詞語中包含不同聲母的中文詞語方面,比那些接受過額外閱讀訓練的學生或者上普通幼兒園的學生做得更好。

The results are in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

這項研究結果發表在《美國國家科學院院刊》上

Now Mandarin is a tonal language - the famous example is the word 'ma' which can mean mother or horse depending on its pitch. So might musical training translate better to Mandarin, than it would to English?

由于普通話是一門聲調語言,最有名的例子是“ma”這個音的意思可能是“媽”還是“馬”都是由聲調來決定的。那么,音樂訓練對學習中文的幫助比對學英語的幫助要大?

Yeah it's possible that influenced the results. Robert Desimone, a neuroscientist at the McGovern Institute at MIT. But he says other studies do back up the fact that music lessons benefit language learners, even in countries without tonal languages. "And what our study added on top of that was some idea of the neural basis for those benefits."

麻省理工學院麥戈文研究所的神經學家羅伯特•德西蒙表示:“是的,結果很可能是那樣的。”他說,但是其它研究也證實了一個事實,即:音樂課對語言學習者有益,甚至對不是聲調語言的國家(的學生)也有益。“除此以外,對于這些益處,我們的研究補充了一些關于神經基礎方面的概念。”

And if you don't own a piano, don't despair. The reading group actually did just as good on many measures as the piano group. "Reading's pretty good actually. We don't mean to downplay reading instruction."

還有,如果你沒有鋼琴,也不要絕望。接受閱讀訓練的小組在某些方面,和上鋼琴課的學生表現得一樣出色。“閱讀實際上非常好。我們并沒有要貶低閱讀教學的意思。”

More important, he says, was to show piano wasn't actually worse than reading for these skills... perhaps encouraging cash-strapped schools to keep their music programs alive.

他說,(我們)更重要的是展示鋼琴課并不比閱讀等技能差,或許是想勸告那些資金緊張的學校別舍棄他們的音樂課程。

小e英語Jewel翻譯,歡迎捉蟲。

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