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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 12(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-04-04發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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admonition

n. advice; warning 勸誡;警告

The teacher's admonition of Carl's poor behavior during the class trip caused him terrible embarrassment.

全班去旅行時,老師對卡爾惡劣的行為提出警告,令他非常尷尬。

aeronautics

n. science of operation and flight of aircraft 航空學

After flying in an airplane for the first time, my brother decided he wanted to study aeronautics.

我哥哥第一次搭飛機之后,就決定要研究航空學。

annotate

v. to make explanatory notes 注解

 

n. annotation

After the students complained they were confused by their poetry assignment, the professor annotated the poem during class.

當學生們抱怨關于詩的作業讓他們十分頭痛之后,教授便在課堂上講解那首詩的涵義。

Synonym

同義詞:commentate; gloss; elucidate

circumnavigate

v. to sail or fly around 環航

We took a scenic helicopter ride which circumnavigated the entire island in all its natural beauty.

我們搭乘觀光直升機,環繞全島一周,欣賞其天然美景。

* helicopter

直升機

cognate

adj. having the same origin; sharing many qualities 同源的;同性質的

The many cognate words in English and German make it easier for the speaker of one language to study the other.

英文和德文有許多同源的字,所以會說其中一種語言的人,要學另一種語言比較容易。

Synonym

同義詞:akin; kindred

connotation

n. suggested or implied meaning of a word 涵義;暗示

Although some words are not bad themselves, they can often have a bad connotation.

雖然有些字本身并沒有什么不好,但常會有些不好的涵義。

Synonym

同義詞:implication; suggestion; association

denotation

n. meaning; indication (明示的)意義;指示

The denotation of this word can be located in an unabridged dictionary.

這個字的意思在未刪節的大字典中查得到。

* unabridged

未刪節的

immutable

adj. unchangeable 不變的

My old uncle has become immutable in his ways, and you know that you can't teach an old dog new tricks.

我舅舅年紀很大,做事的方法都一成不變,正如大家所知道的,老狗學不會新把戲。

Synonym

同義詞:inflexible; constant; consistent

Antonym

反義詞:alterable; variable

innate

adj. inborn 天生的;固有的

Mozart's innate musical talent could be seen when he was only three years old.

在莫扎特三歲的時候,就可看出他在音樂方面的天份。

Synonym

同義詞:congenital; inherent; intrinsic

Antonym

反義詞:acquired; extrinsic

innocuous

adj. harmless 無害的

Although everyone was suspicious, the birthday card Sally sent Ian was friendly and innocuous.

雖然每個人都很懷疑,但是莎莉寄給奕恩的生日卡既友善又沒有惡意。

Synonym

同義詞:innoxious

Antonym

反義詞:pernicious; injurious

innovation

n. introduction of something new 革新

 

v. innovate

David's innovation in his company's bicycle design was awarded by several manufacturing organizations.

大衛對于公司腳踏車所做的創新設計,為他贏得了好幾個制造業團體所提供的獎。

morbid

adj. (of one's mind or idea) unhealthy 病態的

Richard's morbid thoughts of death repulsed his friends and frightened his family.

理察對于死亡的病態思想,讓他的朋友對他敬而遠之,家人也覺得十分恐慌。

* repulse

排斥

Synonym

同義詞:abnormal; sickly

Antonym

反義詞:wholesome; normal

moribund

adj. dying; ending 將死的

The president of the moribund company made a final speech to his employees in the wake of the company's bankruptcy.

這家即將結束的公司,在宣告破產之后,公司總裁對員工做最后一次的講話。

* in the wake of

在……之后

mortician

n. undertaker 殯儀業者

The few people who wish to study to become morticians are usually those whose families have mortuary businesses.

那些少數希望念完書之后從事殯儀業的人,通常家人也是從事殯儀業。

* mortuary

喪葬的

mortify

v. to humiliate 使蒙羞

Nancy was mortifies that Harry had told everyone at the party that she had had plastic surgery.

南西覺得很丟臉,因為哈利告訴宴會上的每個人,她動過整型手術。

* plastic surgery

整型外科(隆鼻術等)

Synonym

同義詞:disgrace; shame

mortuary

n. funeral parlor 停尸處

 

adj. mortuary

The body disappeared from the mortuary the day before it was to be interred, and was never found.

尸體在埋葬的前一天就從停尸處消失,從此再也找不到了。

* inter

埋葬

Synonym

同義詞:morgue

mutation

n. change 變化;突變

 

v. mutate

The chemicals that farmers were dumping into the river caused mutations in the fish.

農夫們倒在河里的化學藥品,使得魚產生突變。

* dump

傾倒

Synonym

同義詞:alteration; variation

nascent

adj. beginning to grow or develop 初期的;發生中的

Although feminism is not completely novel in Asia, the women's movement here is still in its nascent stage.

雖然女性主義在亞洲并不是十分新奇,但這里的女權運動仍在初期的階段。

* feminism

女性主義;男女平等主義

Synonym

同義詞:initial; incipient

nautical

adj. pertaining to ships or navigation 航海的

My uncle, an old sea captain, often used nautical words that I didn't understand.

我叔叔是位老船長,他常常說些我聽不懂的航海術語。

Synonym

同義詞:marine; maritime

novice

n. beginner 新手

Although having been born in the so-called computer age, I am just a novice when it comes to using computers.

雖然生長在這所謂的電腦時代,但是說到使用電腦,我還只是個新手。

Synonym

同義詞:apprentice; neophyte; tyro

Antonym

反義詞:expert; professional

noxious

adj. harmful 有害的;有毒的

When scootering down the streets of Asian cities, you cannot help but breathe in noxious car fumes.

在亞洲的城市騎機車上街時,常會吸進汽車排放的有毒廢氣。

* scooter

騎摩托車

Synonym

同義詞:baneful; pernicious; poisonous

Antonym

反義詞:wholesome; innocuous; nontoxic

obnoxious

adj. nasty 令人討厭的

James had the most obnoxious habit of constantly clearing his throat whenever I tried to make a point in our conversations.

詹姆斯有個令人討厭的習慣,每當我和他談話,向證明我的論點正確時,他老是在那里清喉嚨。

Synonym

同義詞:abominable; loathsome

Antonym

反義詞:agreeable; pleasant

premonitory

adj. giving as warning 前兆的

A premonitory dream of waves of water crashing over the town warned the man that a typhoon was soon to hit their fishing village.

異常洪水淹沒城鎮的夢,像是預兆一般警告那個人,很快就會有臺風侵襲他們的漁村。

Synonym

同義詞:ominous; portentous

renovate

v. to restore to good condition; to repair 革新;修理

A huge budget was set aside by the government to renovate the old legislative building.

整修老舊的立法院大樓所需的龐大預算,被征服擱置。

* set aside

擱置

Synonym

同義詞:renew; reform

transmute

v. to change shape or form 使變形

Constant trampling of snow boots and muddy car tires transmuted the white snow into dirty slush.

由于受到雪靴與沾滿泥巴的車輛不斷地踐踏和碾壓,白雪變成了骯臟的雪泥。

* trample

踐踏

* slush

雪泥;半融的雪

Synonym

同義詞:transform

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