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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 10(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-04-02發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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abjure

v. to renounce 發誓放棄

 

n. abjuration

The company was forced to abjure the practice of firing pregnant employees after being sued for discrimination.

這家公司在被控告有歧視的行為之后,不得不放棄開除懷孕員工的措施。

Synonym

同義詞:forswear

adhere

v. to stick fast to 附著;堅持

 

n. adherence

In today's fast-paced world, it is difficult to make time to adhere to a regular schedule of exercise.

在今天這個生活步調快速的世界里,很難找時間堅持定時地做運動。

Synonym

同義詞:attach; cling

Antonym

反義詞:loosen

adjure

v. to ask earnestly 懇求

 

n. adjuration

As your friend, I adjure you to reconsider quitting smoking for your health's sake.

身為你的朋友,為了你的健康著想,請你三思,把煙戒掉吧。

Synonym

同義詞:appeal; entreat; beseech

circuitous

adj. going a long way round 迂迥的

The taxi driver took a circuitous route to the hotel, trying to get more money out of the tourist.

那位計程車司機去旅館時故意繞遠路,想多賺觀光客的錢。

Synonym

同義詞:indirect; roundabout

Antonym

反義詞:straight

circumlocution

n. roundabout expression 迂迥的陳述

The professor's circumlocution makes his lectures difficult to understand.

這位教授迂迥的陳述使他講的課令人難以理解。

Synonym

同義詞:periphrasis

cohesion

n. state of sticking together tightly 團結

 

adj. cohesive

The cohesion of our employees was threatened by the favoritism upper management continued to display.

高階主管持續性的偏袒行為,讓我們員工的團結受到威脅。

* favoritism

偏袒

Synonym;

同義詞;solidarity

Antonym

反義詞:division

colloquy

n. conversation 談話

 

adj. colloquial

The colloquy between the bitter rivals was strained, but a big step in reconciling their differences.

這些死敵之間的談話氣氛十分緊張,對于調解他們的紛爭卻是跨出了一大步。

* bitter rival

死敵

* strained

緊張的

* reconcile

調停

conjecture

n. guess 臆測

 

v. conjecture

Alexander's idea that Karen and Scott are planning to marry next month is pure conjecture.

亞歷山大認為凱倫和史考特打算下個月結婚,這純粹知識憑空臆測而已。

Synonym

同義詞:surmise; assumption; speculation

epilogue

n. additional passage or speech added to the end of a book or play (戲劇的)收場白;(文學作品的)結語

The novel's epilogue told what happened to the main character later in her life.

這本小說的結語交待了主角后半生的遭遇。

Antonym

反義詞:prologue; prelude

heliograph

n. instrument that uses the sun's rays to send signals 日光反射信號機

After having been stranded on the deserted island for weeks, the sailors used a primitive heliograph to signal for help.

船擱淺在荒島上好幾個禮拜之后,水手們利用原始的日光反射信號機,來發出求救的信號。

* strand

擱淺

* primitive

原始的

* signal

發出信號

heliotrope

n. plant with purplish flowers which turn towards the sun 天芥菜屬植物(其紫色小花會隨太陽轉向)

The tiny blossoms of the heliotrope turned their faces upward and followed the sum across the sky.

天芥菜將其小小的花朵面朝上,跟隨著橫跨天際的太陽轉向。

helium

n. element abundant in the sun's atmosphere 氦(化學元素,多存于太陽大氣中)

Much to the children's delight we filled their balloons with helium to make them float.

我們在孩子們的氣球中裝滿氦氣,讓氣球漂浮起來,令他們十分高興。

inherent

adj. existing as a natural part of 與生俱來的;固有的

Her inherent love for the water led her to pursue a berth on the national yachting team competing for the America's Cup.

她天生對海十分熱愛,所以希望加入國家游艇隊,爭奪美國杯。

* berth

職位

Synonym

同義詞:innate; inborn; congenital

Antonym

反義詞:extrinsic; adventitious

interlocutory

adj. conversational 對話的

Their agreement was interlocutory only, and papers had not yet been signed.

他們的協議只是口頭上說說而已,尚未簽署任何文件。

itinerant

adj. traveling from place to place 巡迥的

The church tried to provide food and shelter for the many itinerant homeless people in the area.

教會設法提供食宿給許多在當地四處流浪、無家可歸的人。

Synonym

同義詞:vagrant; nomadic

itinerary

n. plan for a journey 旅行計劃;旅行日程

After I faxed several times, my travel agent finally sent me the itinerary for my trip to Italy.

我傳真好幾次之后,旅行社終于把到意大利的形成寄給我。

Synonym

同義詞:schedule

libelous

adj. wrongly damaging someone's reputation 誹謗性的

 

n., v. libel

Micheal Jackson sued the magazine for publishing a libelous story about him.

邁可·杰克森控告這家雜志刊載了一篇毀謗他的文章。

Synonym

同義詞:defamatory; slanderous; vilifying

libretto

n. text of a musical play 歌劇劇本;歌詞

The libretto of this opera is very verbose and difficult for even the most accomplished opera singer to master.

這場歌劇的劇本太過冗長,即使是熟練的歌唱家也很難精通。

* verbose

冗長的

* accomplished

熟練的

loquacious

adj. talkative 好辯的;饒舌的

Robin is a very loquacious person; you can never get a word in when he is talking.

羅賓是個非常饒舌的人,他在講話時,別人都插不上嘴。

Synonym

同義詞:garrulous; gossipy

Antonym

反義詞:taciturn

obloquy

n. strong words spoken against someone 辱罵;毀謗

The environmental group Greenpeace's obloquy of oil companies was televised on the news.

環保團體綠色和平對石油公司的指責,被電視新聞報道出來。

Synonym

同義詞:abuse; slander

Antonym

反義詞:praise; compliment

perjure

v. to testify falsely 作偽證

 

n. perjury

The witness was charged with perjuring during the trial, and was put in jail.

證人都質控在審判時作偽證,因而被送進監獄。

projectile

n. missile; something thrown forward 飛彈;拋射物

The mob grabbed rocks, bottles and chunks of wood and used them as projectiles to hurl at the police.

暴民拿著石頭、瓶子以及木頭向警方投擲。

* mob

暴民

* chunk

厚木塊

* hurl

投擲

soliloquy

n. speech by one individual 自言自語;獨白

In this particular piece of drama, each character's soliloquy revealed his true nature.

在這場特別的戲中,每位角色的獨白都暴露出其真實的本性。

Synonym

同義詞:monologue

trajectory

n. path taken by thrown object 彈道;拋射物的行程

The trajectory of the missile put it on a direct collision course with an aircraft carrier patrolling the Mediterranean.

飛彈的彈道直接瞄準正在地中海巡航的航空母艦。

* collision course

沖撞路線

* aircraft carrier

航空母艦

* patrol

巡邏

transition

n. changing from one form or state to another 轉移,轉換

The transition to democracy in a country is often a long and difficult process.

一個國家轉變成民主國家的過程,通常是既漫長又艱辛的。

Synonym

同義詞:alteration; conversion; transmutation

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