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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 09(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-04-01發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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aggrandize

v. to increase 加大

Terrance tried to aggrandize his meager accomplishments to impress his interviewer.

泰倫斯試圖夸大他那微不足道的成就,讓面試者留下深刻的印象。

* meager

貧乏的

Synonym

同義詞:amplify; enlarge

Antonym

反義詞:reduce

aggregate

n. sum; total 總數

 

v. aggregate

The aggregate of the village farmers' harvest was still not enough to feed the starving families.

村子里農夫的總收獲量,仍然不足以養活他們挨餓的家人。

bigamy

n. marriage to two persons at the same time 重婚

Bigamy is considered a crime in most countries, although some societies take it as the norm.

雖然有些社會把重婚看做是種常規,但在大部分的國家卻被認為是不合法的。

* norm

準則;規范

digressive

adj. wandering away 離題的

 

v. digress

The professor criticized the student's remarks on the topic as too digressive and not relevant to the discussion.

教授批評那位學生對于這項主題的評論太過離題,與討論的內容無關。

egregious

adj. exceptional (for bad reasons); shocking 異常的;駭人的

No one wished to do business with Mr. Li because of his egregious lust for money.

沒有人想和李先生做生意,因為他太愛錢了。

egress

n. going out; exit 出去;出口

After the baseball game ended, the egress of people from the stadium seemed endless.

棒球比賽結束之后,從體育館出來的人潮似乎一直川流不息。

Synonym

同義詞:departure; outlet

Antonym

反義詞:entry; access

epigram

n. pithy, witty saying 警辟語;警句

Our teacher enjoyed using epigrams to illustrate her point during what we would normally have considered dull lectures.

老師在講授我們認為很枯燥無味的課時,喜歡引用警辟語句來闡述她的觀點。

Synonym

同義詞:witticism; aphorism

eugenic

adj. connected with the improvement of the human race 優生的

 

n. eugenics

There are many ethical questions raised by eugenic theories and practices.

優生學的理論與實行引發了許多倫理方面的問題。

genealogy

n. history of a particular family 總譜

After reading a book about family histories of his hometown, Martin became curious about his own genealogy.

馬丁在讀完一本關于故鄉家族史的書之后,便開始對他自己的家譜十分好奇。

Synonym

同義詞:ancestry; lineage; pedigree

gestate

v. to develop 孕育;妊娠

 

n. gestation

With the longest incubation period of all mammals, elephant babies gestate for almost two years before they are born.

大象的嬰兒孕育期是哺乳類動物中最長的,大約要兩年的時間才會出生。

* incubation

孵化

grandiloquent

adj. using long, important-sounding words 夸張的

Darren's friends laughed at him when he spoke in such a grandiloquent manner.

當達倫說話說得很夸張時,朋友都會取笑他。

Synonym

同義詞:pompous; bombastic

grandiose

adj. imposing; grand 宏偉的;盛大的

A grandiose celebration was planned to take place on the Capitol lawn for the nation's national day.

國慶日時在國會大廈的草地上將舉行盛大的慶祝活動。

* Capitol

(the ~)美國國會大廈

Synonym

同義詞:magnificent; majestic

Antonym

反義詞:humble; unpretentious

graphic

adj. 1. of diagram 圖表的 2. vivid 生動的

The book gives a graphic description of life in poverty in modern India.

這本書生動地描寫了現代印度貧窮的生活。

Synonym

同義詞:1. diagrammatic; pictorial 2. picturesque

Antonym

反義詞:1. obscure; confused

gregarious

adj. living in groups; fond of the company of others 群居的;社交的

Wilma is a gregarious woman who enjoys throwing large parties for her friends.

威瑪是個很愛交際的女人,她喜歡為朋友舉行大型的宴會。

Synonym

同義詞:social; outgoing

Antonym

反義詞:antisocial; reserved

homogeneous

adj. of the same kind 同類的

In this small town, all the restaurants have a very homogeneous selection of food.

在這個小鎮里,所有的餐廳提供的食物都很類似。

Synonym

同義詞:similar; identical

Antonym

反義詞:disparate; heterogeneous

indigestion

adj. difficulty in digesting food 消化不良的

Each Thanksgiving, I overeat because there is so much delicious food, but at the end of the night, I always have indigestion.

每年感恩節,我因為吃太多美食,到了晚上都會消化不良。

ingenuous

adj. honest 老實的

With so many dishonest people in this world, finding a truly ingenuous person is rare.

世上不誠實的人很多,真正老實的人非常少見。

Synonym

同義詞:guileless; candid

Antonym

反義詞:crafty; tricky

monogamy

n. marriage to one person 一夫一妻制

Although monogamy is the law in this country, many men openly keep mistresses.

雖然一夫一妻制是國家法律明文規定的,仍然有許多男人公開養小老婆。

polygamy

n. having many wives or husbands at the same time 一夫多妻;一妻多夫

Although the practice is losing popularity, polygamy is still accepted in Muslim countries.

雖然一夫多妻制已不再流行,但在回教國家仍然是被接受的。

progenitor

n. ancestor 祖先

Looking at his family tree, Christopher discovered that George Washington was his progenitor.

克里斯多夫由家譜中發現喬治·華盛頓是他的祖先。

Synonym

同義詞:forefather

Antonym

反義詞:descendant

progeny

n. offspring; descendants (集合名詞)子孫;后裔

Royal officials were required to verify that the king's children were truly his progeny to prevent impostors from usurping the throne.

皇室大臣被要求證明國王的小孩真的是他的后裔,以免有人冒名頂替,篡奪王位。

* verify

證實

* impostor

冒名頂替者

* usurp

篡奪

Synonym

同義詞:posterity

Antonym

反義詞:ancestors

retrograde

v. to go backwards 退化

 

adj. retrograde

From the mini-skirts and bell-bottoms one can see being worn today, one might think fashion had retrograded to the 1960's.

從今天隨處可見的迷你裙與喇叭褲的穿著看來,大家可能會覺得流行已經回退到一九六0年代了。

* bell-bottoms

pl. 喇叭褲

Synonym

同義詞:degenerate; deteriorate

Antonym

反義詞:advance; progress; proceed

segregate

v. to set apart from 隔離;分開

It is no longer legal to segregate people by their race in the United States.

在美國,種族隔離已經是不合法的行為了。

Synonym

同義詞:isolate; separate

Antonym

反義詞:mix; integrate

stenography

n. shorthand 速記

Secretaries often study stenography for taking dictation quickly.

為了使聽寫的速度加快,秘書常常會學速記。

* dictation

聽寫

transgression

n. violation of a law 違反

The judge promised the young man that any future transgressions would definitely land him in jail.

法官警告那個年輕人說,以后如果再有違法的行為,一定會把他送進監獄。

Synonym

同義詞:breach; infringement

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