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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 08(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-03-29發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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affected

adj. not natural; pretended 做作的

 

n. affectation

Randolf used an affected French accent to try to impress the people at the party, but only succeeded in annoying them.

藍道夫說法文時強調十分做作,本想在宴會中引起大家的注意,但卻令人十分討厭。

Synonym

同義詞:artificial; assumed; feigned

Antonym

反義詞:genuine

affirmation

n. assertion 斷言;肯定

 

v. affirm

Her affirmation of guilt in the robbery was in exchange for leniency by the judge.

她坦承犯了搶劫罪,以換取法官的從寬量刑。

* leniency

寬大

Synonym

同義詞:declaration; confirmation

affluence

n. wealth; abundance 富裕;豐富

 

adj. affluent

Wealthy people often show off their affluence by driving expensive cars.

有錢人經常開名貴的車炫耀他們的財富。

Synonym

同義詞:opulence; profusion

coniferous

adj. bearing cones, as pine trees 松柏科的;結球果的

Many coniferous trees are also evergreens and therefore do not lost their leaves in winter.

許多松柏科的樹木也是常青樹,因此冬天不會落葉。

deference

n. compliance; respect 服從;尊重

In the United States, deference to one's elders is often ignored.

在美國,對于長輩的尊重常常會被忽略。

Synonym

同義詞:submission; yielding; reverence

Antonym

反義詞:disobedience; contempt

diffidence

n. shyness 羞怯;謙虛

Kim's innate diffidence kept her from boasting about her amazing scientific discoveries.

金生性害羞,不會吹噓自己在科學方面驚人的發現。

* innate

天生的

Antonym

反義詞:confidence

diffusion

n. spreading in every direction 散布;普及

 

v. diffuse

In the historic past, the diffusion of ancient Chinese culture in Asia spread far beyond the boundaries of the Middle Kingdom.

從前,中國文化在亞洲傳播的范圍遠超過中央王國的疆界。

* the Middle Kingdom

中國

Synonym

同義詞:scattering; dispersion

efficacy

n. effectiveness 功效

 

adj. efficacious

The efficacy of the new drug was questioned when several patients died after treatment using the medication.

當好幾位病人在接受新藥的治療而死亡之后,其藥效就受到質疑。

* medication

藥物

Synonym

同義詞:efficiency; potency

effusive

adj. pouring out feelings 感情洋溢的

We were embarrassed by his effusive display of emotion during the performance of Shakespeare's King Lear.

莎士比亞劇作「李爾王」的演出時,他表露出了激動的情緒,令我們覺得很困窘。

Synonym

同義詞:demonstrative; gushing

Antonym

反義詞:reserved

fallacious

adj. misleading; faulty 使人誤解的;謬誤的

The scientist's fallacious theories were widely believed because of his fame and influence.

由于這位科學家極富盛名又有影響力,所以他錯誤的理論仍被大家所相信。

falsify

v. to lie 偽造;說謊

To avoid a lawsuit, several documents were falsified by the company's accountant with the assistance of his lawyer.

為了避免一場官司,這家公司的會計伙同律師偽造了幾份文件。

feasible

adj. that can be done 可實行的

 

n. feasibility

Although the plan sounded brilliant, it was not feasible because the city could not afford it.

雖然這計劃聽起來很棒,但確實行不通的,因為這城市根本就負擔不起。

Synonym

同義詞:practicable

fidelity

n. faithfulness 忠誠

Many soldiers' lives were saved because of the fidelity of their fellow soldiers.

許多士兵的生命獲救,都是因為由忠誠的戰友。

Synonym

同義詞:loyalty;devotion

Antonym

反義詞:faithlessness; perfidy

fluctuation

n. changing frequently 變動

 

v. fluctuate

Although many people panicked at the devaluation of the dollar, economists knew the fluctuation in foreign exchange rates was normal.

雖然許多人因為美元的貶值而感到十分恐慌,但經濟學家卻認為這種匯率的波動是正常的現象。

* panic

恐慌

* devaluation

貶值

Synonym

同義詞:alteration; vacillation; oscillation

fracture

n. crack; break 裂縫;骨折

 

v. fracture

The X-ray showed two serious fractures in Anna's femur resulting from her skiing accident.

X光片顯示,安娜的大腿骨有兩處因滑雪意外而產生的嚴重骨折。

* femur

大腿骨

Synonym

同義詞:fissure; rupture

infallible

adj. not prone to error; perfect 絕無謬誤的;完美的

Despite the emperor's claims of divinity, no human being can ever be infallible.

雖然這位皇帝宣稱自己具有神性,但沒有人是完美的。

Synonym

同義詞:faultless; impeccable

Antonym

反義詞:errant; fallible

infer

v. to conclude 推論

 

n. inference

After hearing the president's speech, people inferred that taxes would soon be raised even higher.

在聽了總統的演說之后,人們推論稅率會調漲得更高。

Synonym

同義詞:deduce

infirmary

n. hospital 醫院

The university infirmary was full of students suffering from strange symptoms, from ringing ears to hearing strange voices.

這所大學的附設醫院擠滿了許多罹患奇怪病癥的學生,其癥狀包括耳鳴、聽見奇怪的聲音等等。

Synonym

同義詞:clinic

infirmity

n. weakness 弱點;虛弱

 

adj. infirm

As time went by, Grandfather's infirmity prevented him from going out of the house very often.

隨著時間的過去,祖父身體日漸虛弱,無法經常出門。

Synonym

同義詞:feebleness; frailty

influx

n. flowing into 流入

A sudden influx of families moving into town created overcrowding problems at the school.

突然有許多家庭搬到城里,使學校產生過度擁擠的問題。

Synonym

同義詞:inflow; incursion

Antonym

反義詞:outflow; exodus

infraction

n. breaking of a rule, law, etc. 違反

Cheating on a test is a serious infraction at this school and will result in a three-day suspension.

考試作弊是嚴重違反校規的行為,會被停學三天。

* suspension

停學

Synonym

同義詞:offense; violation

perfidious

adj. faithless; disloyal 不忠的

 

n. perfidy

A perfidious employee sold company secrets to a competitor, leading to the company's ultimate bankruptcy.

一個不消的職員將公司的機密賣給競爭的對手,最后使公司破產。

profusion

n. 1. abundance 豐富 2. extravagance 揮霍

 

adj. profuse

The banquet after the wedding featured a profusion of food and drink.

婚禮后的宴會,最大的特色就是食物和飲料十分豐富。

* feature

以……為特色

Synonym

同義詞:1. plenitude 2. lavishness

suffuse

v. to spread over 布滿;充滿

 

n. suffusion

The dawn slowly suffused the room with an orange glow that transformed the frightening shadows of the night into rays of sunlight.

黎明漸漸地使房間布滿了橙色的光輝,將可怕的黑夜陰影轉變成太陽的光芒。

Synonym

同義詞:pervade

superfluity

n. greater amount than is needed 多余;過剩

John bought a superfluity of food for the party; more than anyone could have eaten.

約翰為宴會所準備的食物太多了,大家都吃不完。

Synonym

同義詞:excess; overabundance; surplus

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