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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 07(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-03-28發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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aberrant

adj. changed from what is usual 越軌的;異常的

The aberrant behavior of the children was blamed on their poor home environment.

這些孩子異常的行為,應歸咎于他們不良的家庭環境。

* be blamed on

歸咎于

Synonym

同義詞:errant; abnormal

aberration

n. straying away from what is normal 越軌行為;異常

This is a temporary aberration and will soon be put right.

這只是暫時的異常現象,很快就會恢復正常。

Synonym

同義詞:deviation

Antonym

反義詞:regularity

affable

adj. pleasant and easy to talk to 和藹可親的

 

n. affability

People enjoyed Harold's affable nature and dropped by to visit him often.

大家都喜歡哈羅德和藹可親的個性,常會順道拜訪他。

* drop by

順道拜訪

Synonym

同義詞:gracious; approachable

deducible

adj. inferable 可推知的

 

v. deduce

It is deducible from the facts, claimed Sherlock Holmes, "that the culprit was Mr. Smith."

「由事實可推論,」福爾摩斯宣稱,「犯罪的人是史密斯縣設。」

* culprit

犯罪者

Synonym

同義詞:deductive; derivable

dogmatic

adj. doctrinal; dictatorial 教條的;武斷的

Many people found his views dogmatic and hard to swallow.

很多人覺得他的觀點太過武斷,令人難以接受。

* swallow

輕易接受

dominant

adj. prevailing 占優勢的

 

v. dominate

Television has taken a dominant role in shaping popular opinion in the late 20th century.

在二十世紀末,電視在公眾輿論的形成方面,扮演了舉足輕重的角色。

Synonym

同義詞:surpassing; prevalent

dominion

n. authority to rule 統治權;主權

The king's dominion over the land and its inhabitants was finally challenged by revolutionary activists.

國王對于國家和人民的統治權,最后收到革命激進分子的挑戰。

* activist

激進分子

Synonym

同義詞:sovereignty; supremacy

dynamic

adj. powerful 精力充沛的

The actor's one-man performance was a dynamic portrayal of the lives of Jews in pre-World War II ghettos.

這位演員所表演的獨角戲,生動地描寫了二次大戰前猶太居住區的生活。

* ghetto

猶太人街;居住地

Synonym

同義詞:vigorous; energetic

Antonym

反義詞:torpid; sluggish

dynamite

n. powerful explosive 炸藥

Many coral reefs in the Pacific are being destroyed by fishermen using dynamite to kill fish.

許多太平洋的珊瑚礁,因漁民利用炸藥捕殺魚類而遭到破壞。

egocentric

adj. self-centered 自我中心的

The egocentric actions of the school principal caused the faculty to distrust him and led to a rift between the two.

校長自我中心的行為,使全體教職員不信任他,雙方的關系出現裂痕。

* rift

裂痕

Synonym

同義詞:egoistic

egoism

n. theory of benefiting oneself 自我主義;利己主義

I was disappointed and disgusted by the egoism of our company manager and decided to hand in my resignation rather than work under him.

我對于公司經理的自私,感到失望而且厭惡,所以決定要遞交辭呈,不愿在他手下工作。

Synonym

同義詞:egocentricity; self-interest

Antonym

反義詞:altruism

egoist

n. person who is self-interested 自我主義者;利己主義者

Having grown up in a household where competitiveness was accepted, even encouraged, Danny became a consummate egoist.

丹尼生長在一個接受競爭、甚至鼓勵競爭的額家庭,所以變成一個極端的自我主義者。

* consummate

完全的;至極的

equable

adj. steady 穩定的;平穩的

Although the task ahead is daunting, with equable determination, we will succeed.

雖然前面的工作很可怕,但只要有堅定的決心,我們很成功的。

* daunting

可怕的

Synonym

同義詞:stable; constant

Antonym

反義詞:fitful; changeable

equinox

n. period of equal days and nights 晝夜平分點;春(秋)分

At the exact moment of an equinox, one can balance an unboiled egg on its end.

在晝夜平分點的那一刻,我們可將生雞蛋立起來。

equity

n. fairness; justice 公平

 

adj. equitable

Despite the sensational nature of the trial and its proceedings, the judge dealt with the case with equity.

盡管這次審判本身與審判的過程十分轟動,法官仍然公平地審理這個案件。

Antonym

反義詞:bias; partiality; prejudice

equivocate

v. to use ambiguous language 說模棱兩可的話;躲閃

Politicians often equivocate complex issues to prevent public opposition.

對于復雜的問題,政治家常說寫模棱兩可的話,以免遭民眾的反對。

Synonym

同義詞:evade; quibble; parry

errant

adj. 1. wandering 漂泊的 2. erring 犯錯的

A man who is negligent in his alimony or child support payments is often referred to as an errant husband or father.

不認真付給贍養費或兒女生活費的男人,常被認為是個犯錯的丈夫或父親。

* alimony

贍養費

Synonym

同義詞:1. itinerant; rambling 2. deviant; straying

fatalism

n. belief that events are decided by fate 宿命論

 

adj. fatalistic

Ester's fatalism led her to believe that her business would fail, no matter what she did.

艾絲德的宿命論讓她相信,無論她怎么做,生意還是會失敗。

Synonym

同義詞:determinism

hydrodynamics

n. science of the mechanics of fluids 流體力學

It is important to have an understanding of hydrodynamics when planning to build a dam.

計劃建造水壩時,具備流體力學的知識是很重要的。

inductive

adj. derived by reasoning from particulars to generals 歸納的;誘導的

Inductive reasoning is often an important technique in understanding large problems.

歸納式的推理經常是了解重大問題的重要技巧。

Synonym

同義詞:inducible

ineffable

adj. too great to be described in words 言語難以形容的

The ineffable grandeur of Niagara Falls has inspired many artists to try to capture its beauty on film or canvas.

尼亞加拉瀑布難以言喻的壯觀,激發許多藝術家的靈感,使他們想用攝影或繪畫捕捉瀑布之美。

* grandeur

壯觀

* inspire

激發

* canvas

(油畫用的)畫布

Antonym

反義詞:utterable; describable; expressible

nefarious

adj. wicked 兇惡的

The traditional conclusion of most fairy tales is the defeat of the nefarious villain by the young hero.

大多數童話故事傳統的結局,都是年輕的英雄打敗兇惡的壞人。

* villain

壞人

Synonym

同義詞:vicious; outrageous

Antonym

反義詞:virtuous; honorable

paradox

n. contradictory statement 似非而是的雋語

The teacher told us to write faster, but not hurry; a paradox that made us laugh.

老師要我們寫快一點但是不要急。這句矛盾的話讓我們哈哈大笑。

prefatory

adj. introductory 開場的

Mr. Small's prefatory remarks explained the reason for his letter to all the employees.

斯莫爾先生的開場白,解釋了他寫信給所有員工的理由。

viaduct

n. arched roadway 高架橋

During the earthquake the viaduct that straddled the valley crumbled and came tumbling down.

在地震期間,橫跨山谷的高架橋崩裂倒塌。

* straddle

跨越

* crumble

崩潰;粉碎

* tumble

倒塌

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