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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 04(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-03-25發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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accelerate

v. to move faster 加速

In the former Soviet Union, many leaders wished to accelerate economic reforms.

前蘇聯時期,很多領導人希望能加速經濟改革。

Synonym

同義詞:precipitate; speed up

Antonym

反義詞:decelerate; slow down

anachronism

n. something out of time sequence 時代錯誤;與時代不合的人或事

Family entertainment in the absence of television or video equipment almost seems an anachronism to people today.

在現代人眼中,家庭娛樂若缺少電視或與電視有關的設備,似乎就是落伍了。

* in the absence of

缺少

ascertain

v. to find out for certain 確定

Police investigators tried to ascertain exactly how the convict escaped.

警方的調查人員設法去確定罪犯究竟是如何逃走的。

* convict

罪犯

Synonym

同義詞:confirm; verify

carnage

n. slaughter 大屠殺;成堆的尸體

The carnage caused by the bomb blast took an enormous toll on the nation's psyche.

因炸彈爆炸引起的巨大死傷,在全國人民的心中留下不可磨滅的陰影。

* blast

爆炸

* toll

犧牲;死傷人數

* psyche

精神;心理

Synonym

同義詞:massacre; butchery; holocaust

carnal

adj. of the flesh 肉體的

Men entering the monastical life must give up carnal pleasures.

要進修道院的人就必須放棄肉體的享樂。

* monastical

修道院

Synonym

同義詞:bodily; physical; corporeal

Antonym

反義詞:spiritual

carnivore

n. flesh-eating animal 食肉動物

Most carnivores can go several days without feeding between kills.

大部分的肉食性動物,在捕殺不到獵物的期間,都可以幾天不吃東西。

* feed

* kill

捕殺獵物

carnivorous

adj. flesh-eating 食肉的

Carnivorous animals depend on plant life, because without plants, their plant-eating prey would die out.

肉食性動物也依賴植物而活,因為如果沒有植物,他們的草食性獵物會全部死光。

* die out

死光;消滅

celerity

n. swiftness 快速

The celerity with which he responded to our requests impressed my supervisors.

他回應我們的請求很迅速,讓我的主管印象深刻。

* supervisor

監督人;主管人

Synonym

同義詞:promptness; rapidity

cessation

n. stopping 中止

If funds are not supplied to our charity organization, it will lead to the cessation of feeding stations in the famine-stricken country.

如果我們的慈善機構無法獲得資金,那么在那個飽受饑荒之苦的國家所設立的食物供給站就得中止。

* famine

饑荒

cession

n. yielding to another; ceding 割讓;讓與

You will be compensated for the cession of your land to the government for road construction.

由于你的土地被政府征收,以建筑公路,你將可以獲得賠償。

* compensate

賠償

chronic

adj. lasting for a long time 慢性的;長期的

After the car accident, Peter has suffered from chronic back pain.

自從出車禍之后,彼得深受長期背痛之苦。

Synonym

同義詞:habitual

chronology

n. timetable of events 年代表

 

adj. chronological

The chronology of ancient events is often disputed by historians.

這份古代時間的年代表繹常引起歷史學家的爭議。

concede

v. to admit 承認

The governor conceded defeat in the political debate with the opposition.

在與反對黨的政治辯論中,州長承認失敗。

Synonym

同義詞:confess; acknowledge; grant

Antonym

反義詞:deny; reject; disclaim

decelerate

v. to go slower 減速

It is important to decelerate your vehicle when entering a turn, especially a sharp one.

當你要轉彎,特別是大彎時,減低車速是非常重要的。

Synonym

同義詞:retard; slacken; slow down

Antonym

反義詞:accelerate

discernible

adj. distinguishable 可辨識的

There was no discernible difference between the two theories offered by the scientists.

科學家提出的這兩種理論,沒有什么明顯的不同。

Synonym

同義詞:perceptible; perceivable

disconcert

v. to embarrass; to upset 使驚慌;妨礙;破壞

The low murmuring of the crowd during her speech disconcerted the lecturer.

演講時群眾的低語聲妨礙了演講者。

* murmur

低語;喃喃而語

discrete

adj. separate 各別的

 

n. discreteness

Each engine part has a discrete and vital function.

引擎每一個零件都分別有它重要的功能。

Synonym

同義詞:distinct

discretion

n. prudence; ability to do what seems right or best 謹慎;斟酌處理

Many people feel that the press rarely acts with discretion when reporting sensitive issues.

許多人認為新聞媒體在報道敏感話題時,鮮少謹慎處理。

Synonym

同義詞:caution; circumspection

excision

n. removal by or as if by cutting out 1. 刪除 2. 切除

 

v. excise

The excision of the malignant tumor was successful.

這次惡性腫瘤的切除相當成功。

* malignant

惡性的

* tumor

腫瘤

Synonym

同義詞:1. deletion; expurgation

fratricide

n. killing of a brother 殺害兄弟

Jealousy over money led to the gruesome fratricide.

因錢生妒導致了這場可怕的兄弟相殘。

* gruesome

可怕的

homicide

n. killing of a person 殺人

The suspect was charged with homicide for the shooting of his neighbor.

嫌犯因射殺他的鄰居而被控殺人。

Synonym

同義詞:murder

incarnate

adj. appearing in human form 具有人形的;化身的

Cult followers believed their leader was God incarnate.

一群狂熱的信徒相信他們的領袖是上帝的化身。

* cult

一群狂熱的崇拜者(信徒)

Synonym

同義詞:personified; embodied

incision

n. (surgical) cut (外科)切口

 

v. incise

A small incision was made so the surgeon could insert the artificial lens into the eye.

醫生切開一個小口,以便將人工鏡片放入病人眼中。

recede

v. to go back; to withdraw 后退

 

n. recession

Mark feared his receding hairline would lead to premature baldness.

馬克擔心他的發際線逐漸往后退,會使他很早就禿頭。

* hairline

發際線

Synonym

同義詞:retreat; retrogress; regress

Antonym

反義詞:proceed; advance

synchronous

adj. happening at the same time 同時發生的

Synchronous protests were held at the court house and the main square of the city.

在法院和市區大廣場兩處,同時舉行抗議活動。

Synonym

同義詞:contemporary; simultaneous; concurrent

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