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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 03(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-03-22發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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abbreviate

v. to shorten 縮短

The professor asked the student to abbreviate the passages in his thesis that focused on the theory of evolution.

教師要求這位學生將他這篇專門探討進化論的論文縮短。

Synonym

同義詞:abridge; condense

Antonym

反義詞:lengthen; extend

antebellum

adj. before the war 戰前的;美國南北戰爭之前的

Many people have romanticized the antebellum South in America, as can be seen in the famous work, "Gone With the Wind."

許多人美化了南北戰爭前的美國南方,正如名作「飄」中可見。

* romanticize

美化;浪漫化

auspicious

adj. showing signs of future success 吉兆的

 

n. auspice

The high turnout for the opening night performance of the play was auspicious.

這出戲首晚演出便有很多觀眾前來,真是個吉兆。

* turnout

(集合用法)出席者

Synonym

同義詞:favorable

Antonym

反義詞:ill-omened; ominous

aviation

n. art or science of flying aircraft 航空;飛行

 

n. aviator

Amelia Earhart was an aviation pioneer and legend, breaking down barriers to female pilots.

愛蜜莉亞·鄂赫特是一位航空先驅,也是一位傳奇人物,她沖破了禁止女性擔任飛行員的樊籬。

barrage

n. barrier laid down by artillery file 彈幕

The bridge was held by the enemy, guarded by snipers who let loose a barrage of gunfire upon anyone attempting to cross.

那座橋被敵軍占領,由狙擊手防衛,他們用槍林彈雨阻止任何企圖過橋的人。

* sniper

狙擊兵

* let loose

放任;發射

barrister

n. (British) lawyer (英國)律師

The barrister masterfully pleaded his case and managed to have charges against his client dropped.

這位律師很有技巧地為他的案子辯護,設法將指控他的當事人的案件撤銷。

* plead

辯護

* client

(律師的)委托人

bellicose

adj. warlike 好戰的

Life in prison only served to feed his bellicose nature, rather than force him to reexamine his crimes.

牢獄生活只是助長了他好戰的本性,而無法迫使他反省自己的罪。

Synonym

同義詞:combative; militant; aggressive

Antonym

反義詞:pacific; amicable

belligerent

adj. engaged in war; warlike 交戰的;好戰的

In the Great War England was among the belligerent powers.

英國在歐洲大戰中是交戰國的一個。

* escalation

擴大

Synonym

同義詞:bellicose

bibliography

n. list of books 書目

Our professor required a bibliography including at least ten sources for out final papers.

教授要求我們在期末論文中,要包括至少十本參考書籍的書目。

bibliomania

n. craze for collecting books 藏書狂

I knew my teacher had bibliomania when I entered his office and saw thousands of books everywhere.

當我走進老師的辦公室,看到數以千計的書,我就知道他酷愛藏書。

bibliophile

n. lover of books 珍愛書籍者

Although it is not a requisite for the position, most librarians are true bibliophiles.

雖然愛書不是當圖書館員的必備條件,但大部分圖書館員都是愛書者。

* requisite

必要條件

biochemistry

n. chemistry of living things 生物化學

Many advances in the field of biochemistry have left us with many ethical problems we could never have imagined thirty years ago.

生物化學領域的許多進步,使我們遭遇很多三十年前我們從未想到,有關倫理方面的問題。

* ethical

倫理的

biography

n. writing about a person's life 傳記

Unauthorized biographies of celebrities' lives are popular with readers.

未經授權的名人生活傳記,很受讀者的歡迎。

* unauthorized

未經授權的

* celebrity

名人

Synonym

同義詞:memoir

biology

n. study of living things 生物學

Trent went to Florida to study the biology and sociology of dolphins.

杜蘭特到佛羅里達研究海豚的生物學及社會學。

breviary

n. book with prayers to be said daily by priests 每日祈禱書

Tucked in the flowing robes of the priest were his rosary and his breviary.

牧師飄拂長袍里塞滿著他的念珠和祈禱書。

* tuck

塞進去

* rosary

念珠

cadence

n. musical movement 韻律;節奏

The slow cadence of the speaker's voice lulled many in the audience to sleep.

演講者緩慢的聲調,使許多聽眾昏昏欲睡。

* lull

平息;使入睡

Synonym

同義詞:rhythm; intonation

capacious

adj. able to hold a lot 容量大的

 

n. capacity

Without capacious storage facilities, our company will never be able to warehouse that amount of machinery.

如果沒有大容量的倉儲設備,我們公司就無法儲存那么多的機器。

* warehouse

儲藏

Synonym

同義詞:spacious; commodious

caption

n. title; heading 標題

The caption to the article is very misleading.

這篇文章的標題很容易誤導讀者。

casualty

n. accident; persons killed or injured in an accident 意外;(pl.)死傷人數

In the attack on the town there were no military casualties, but a large number of civilians lost their lives.

在攻擊那個小鎮時,軍方沒有傷亡,但卻有許多百姓喪命。

decadent

adj. falling to a lower level 衰落的

The decadent reign of the Roman emperor finally ended in a revolt led by military leaders.

羅馬皇帝衰落的統治,終因軍事領袖帶頭叛變而結束。

* reign

統治

* revolt

反叛

Synonym

同義詞:declining; decaying; deteriorating

Antonym

反義詞:flourishing

decapitate

v. to remove the head 斬首

The French Revolution brought about the introduction of the guillotine, a device that could decapitate people quickly and efficiently.

法國大革命中開始使用斷頭臺,這是一種能迅速有效地斬斷人頭的裝置。

* guillotine

斷頭臺

Synonym

同義詞:behead

deciduous

adj. (of trees) losing their leaves annually 落葉性的

People in the United States flock to mountainous areas to enjoy the colorful leaves of deciduous trees in autumn.

美國人蜂擁至山區,觀賞秋天落葉植物色彩繽紛的落葉。

intercept

v. to stop and catch between starting point and destination 攔截

A confidential memo to the president was intercepted by a reporter and broadcast on the evening news.

上呈總統的機密備忘錄被一位記者攔截下來,并在晚間新聞中播出。

* confidential

機密的

* memo

便條;備忘錄

Synonym

同義詞:block; cut off

precept

n. wise saying 訓誡;格言

My grandmother liked to repeat the precept, "A stitch in time saves nine."

我的祖母很喜歡這句格言:「及時的一針可節省九針,要未雨綢繆。」

Synonym

同義詞:maxim; motto; doctrine

precipitate

v. 1. to throw downwards 擲下 2. to hasten 加速

Rampant exchange rate speculation precipitated the wild price swings in the stock market.

對于匯率的胡猜臆測,造成股市價格的大幅變動。

* rampant

蔓延的;猖狂的

* speculation

猜測

* swing

變動

Synonym

同義詞:1. hurl 2. accelerate

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